© 2000-2024 | DaeHwa Park
Korean Spirituality has been evolved over time through a synchronized faith of Shamanism, Buddhism, Confucianism and Christianity. Shamanism gave birth to an element of bidding aspect of faith with divinity and mysticism. Buddhism a process of sanctification through eight right paths to enlightenment! Moral vision of the Korean people has been deeply indebted to Confucianism. Each religious system provided Korean people with a spiritual ground for their identity and relevance. Christianity was introduced to Korea as early as 7th century C.E., yet the faith never find its home until all the religious faiths failed to secure people and their land from foreign powers in the the 18th century. Roman Catholicism, known as "SeoHak, meaning "instructions or the way from West," fed the Koreans' spiritual hunger and thirsty at first. The Protestant faith began to replace the existing religious belief system. Early 20th century, some Korean people became hostile to this new spiritual force. Others considered taking new faith as adopting a vehicle of modernization. Churches attempted to proselyte people deeply committed to their own religion. Reaction to "SeoHak", the movement of "DongHak," "learning from East (of Korea)" rose and later settled with "CheonDo Gyo," - Heavenly Way Faith. Both Roman Catholicism and CheonDo Gyo went through severe persecution from the Yi-Dynasty and its government on account of radical teaching and practice. Memorial ceremony for the dead ancestors was considered as idolatry. No favoritism, advocacy on equal treatment and liberation of slaves, creation of man in God's image, etc.led to an end of feudalism. Today, Korea became one of the fastest growing countries with Christian faith with freedom of religion. Some people identify Koreans as "builders of churches" wherever they settled.
Rev. HoMoon Lee (5th portrait below) inspired me to answer the Call to Ministry at my age of 10. He serves as pastor emeritus at SungWui ("Righteousness") Methodist Church (3rd & 5th picture above), Incheon. He started the church with 200 gamblers.